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The two compete and during the brewing process Signy prays to Freyja and Geirhild to Hött ("hood"), a man she had met earlier (earlier in the saga revealed to be Odin in disguise). The two go to see the beautiful Freyja. In verse, after Loki has flyted with the goddess Frigg, Freyja interjects, telling Loki that he is insane for dredging up his terrible deeds, and that Frigg knows the fate of everyone, though she does not tell it. Loki flies back, the cloak whistling, and returns to the courts of the gods. [34] Chapter 56 details the abduction of the goddess Iðunn by the jötunn Þjazi in the form of an eagle. In the work, the Æsir once lived in a city called Asgard, located in a region called "Asialand or Asiahome". [31], Freyja plays a part in the events leading to the birth of Sleipnir, the eight-legged horse. Regarding Freyja, High says that, next to Frigg, Freyja is highest in rank among them and that she owns the necklace Brísingamen. Loki tells Thor of Þrymr's conditions.[22]. Britt-Mari Näsström [sv] comments that Freyja became a particular target under Christianization: However, Freyja did not disappear. He tells the two women that he would keep whichever of them that brews the better ale for him by the time he has returned home in the summer. In the Poetic Edda, Freyja is mentioned or appears in the poems Völuspá, Grímnismál, Lokasenna, Þrymskviða, Oddrúnargrátr, and Hyndluljóð. Freija ist ein weiblicher Name. Freyja ist in Island ein sehr beliebter und auch bekannter Name. [2][3], The theonym Freyja is thus considered to have been an epithet in origin, replacing a personal name that is now unattested. In her book-length study of scholarship on the topic of Freyja, Britt-Mari Näsström (1995) is highly critical of this deduction; Näsström says that "these 'parallels' are due to sheer ignorance about the characteristics of Cybele; scholars have not troubled to look into the resemblances and differences between the two goddesses, if any, in support for their arguments for a common origin. Freyja speaks throughout the poem, and at one point praises Óttar for constructing a hörgr (an altar of stones) and frequently making blót (sacrifices) to her: Freyja appears in the Prose Edda books Gylfaginning and Skáldskaparmál. Freya (also spelled, Freyja, the name meaning “The Lady”) was one of the most revered, widely venerated, and most fascinating of all the Norse gods or goddesses. In support, High quotes the Völuspá stanza that mentions Freyja. The conditions were fulfilled and the necklace was hers. The poem continues in turn.[19]. [39] In chapter 32, poetic ways to refer to gold are provided, including "Freyja's weeping" and "rain or shower [...] from Freyja's eyes". In addition, a variety of place names (such as Frøal and Fröale) have been seen as containing an element cognate to Gothic alhs and Old English ealh ("temple"), although these place names may be otherwise interpreted. [17] In the poem Grímnismál, Odin (disguised as Grímnir) tells the young Agnar that every day Freyja allots seats to half of those that are slain in her hall Fólkvangr, while Odin owns the other half. At that, Freyja is furious—the halls of the gods shake, she snorts in anger, and from the goddess the necklace Brísingamen falls. Looking at the necklace, the dwarfs thought Freyja to be most fair, and she the necklace. [40], Chapter 33 tells that once the gods journeyed to visit Ægir, one of whom was Freyja. The poem Þrymskviða features Loki borrowing Freyja's cloak of feathers and Thor dressing up as Freyja to fool the lusty jötunn Þrymr. [62], Due to numerous similarities, scholars have frequently connected Freyja with the goddess Frigg. Freyja objects. Grüße an alle meine Namensschwestern mit dieser ungewöhnlichen Schreibweise ich heiße nämlich auch Freyja! Odin was the king of the realm, and made Njörðr and Freyr temple priests. Post-Christianization and Scandinavian folklore, Archaeological record and historic depictions, Relation to Frigg and other goddesses and figures, List of people, items and places in Norse mythology, Sacred trees and groves in Germanic paganism and mythology, Mythological Norse people, items and places, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Freyja&oldid=990689342, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2020, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Also the name of the daughter of a Finnish king in, 'Lady of the Slain' or 'Freyja of the Slain'. He spies Þrymr sitting on top of a mound. [61], A 12th century depiction of a cloaked but otherwise nude woman riding a large cat appears on a wall in the Schleswig Cathedral in Schleswig-Holstein, Northern Germany. Indignant, Freyja responds: The gods and goddesses assemble at a thing and debate how to solve the problem. That is, with one exception: she could have it back if she could make two kings, themselves ruling twenty kings each, battle one another, and cast a spell so that each time one of their numbers falls in battle, they will again spring up and fight again. [44], In chapter 10, Freyja's brother Freyr dies, and Freyja is the last survivor among the Æsir and Vanir. Loki tells her to be silent, and says that he knows all about her—that Freyja is not lacking in blame, for each of the gods and elves in the hall have been her lover. Freyja had a beautiful bower, and when the door was shut no one could enter without Freyja's permission. Es ist wirklich wahr, dass die meisten anderen Schreibweisen nur Abwandlungen oder Anlehnungen sind. Freyja agrees: Loki flies away in the whirring feather cloak, arriving in the land of Jötunheimr. Sie gilt als zweite Göttin des nordischen Pantheons nach Frigg, mit der sie in neuzeitlichen Rezeptionen oft gleichgesetzt oder verwechselt wird. Ich liebe meinen Namen und würde auch nicht anders heißen wollen. [41], Chapter 36 explains again that gold can be referring to as Freyja's weeping due to her red gold tears. Näsström notes that, just like Odin, Freyja receives slain heroes who have died on the battlefield, and that her house is Sessrumnir (which she translates as "filled with many seats"), a dwelling that Näsström posits likely fills the same function as Valhalla. Fjara - ein ausgesprochen seltener Name! He landed on her bed and noticed that she was wearing the necklace, the clasp turned downward. Hast Du Verbesserungsvorschläge, Kritik oder Freyja stirred, turning about, and then fell asleep again. [57], Place names containing Freyja are yet more numerous and varied in Sweden, where they are widely distributed. Deine Meinung ist uns wichtig: Wie gefällt Dir unsere Webseite? In addition to Freyja, Old Norse sources refer to the goddess by the following names: Scholar Richard North theorizes that Old English geofon and Old Norse Gefjun and Freyja's name Gefn may all descend from a common origin; gabia a Germanic goddess connected with the sea, whose name means "giving".[9]. And that this must go on eternally, unless a Christian man of a particular stature goes into the battle and smites them, only then will they stay dead. Freyja is married to Óðr, who goes on long travels, and the two have a very fair daughter by the name of Hnoss. Freyja is the only one of them that dares to bring him more to drink. In Egils saga, when Egill Skallagrímsson refuses to eat, his daughter Þorgerðr (here anglicized as "Thorgerd") says she will go without food and thus starve to death, and in doing so will meet the goddess Freyja: In the first chapter of the 14th century legendary saga Hálfs saga ok Hálfsrekka, King Alrek has two wives, Geirhild and Signy, and cannot keep them both. [54], Several plants were named after Freyja, such as Freyja's tears and Freyja's hair (Polygala vulgaris), but during the process of Christianization, the name of the goddess was replaced with that of the Virgin Mary. In support, works by the skalds Skúli Þórsteinsson and Einarr Skúlason are cited that use "Freyja's tears" or "Freyja's weepings" to represent "gold". The disguised Loki makes excuses for the bride's odd behavior, claiming that she simply has not eaten or slept for eight days. The bark of the wood has been left in its natural state. "[69], Into the modern period, Freyja was treated as a Scandinavian counterpart to the Roman Venus in, for example, Swedish literature, where the goddess may be associated with romantic love or, conversely, simply as a synonym for "lust and potency". Im Jahr 2016 wurde der Name Freyja nur ein einziges Mal vergeben. Mittlerweile kenne ich schon über 5 Freyas und 2 Frejas! In thanks, Borgny invokes vættir, Frigg, Freyja, and other unspecified deities.[27]. Njörðr interjects—he says that a woman having a lover other than her husband is harmless, and he points out that Loki has borne children, and calls Loki a pervert. Hier kannst du den Vornamen oder In Old High German the -stro suffix produced galster instead.. Hött answers her prayer and spits on her yeast. A particular concentration is recorded in Uppland, among which a number derive from the above-mentioned *Freyjuvé and also *Freyjulundr ('Freyja's sacred grove'), place names that indicate public worship of Freyja. Außerdem ist Freyja die ursprüngliche Schreibweise. [26], In the poem Oddrúnargrátr, Oddrún helps Borgny give birth to twins. In support, High quotes the Grímnismál stanza mentioned in the Poetic Edda section above. Loki removed his flea's shape and undid her collar, opened the bower, and returned to Odin. [65], Outside of theories connecting Freyja with the goddess Frigg, some scholars, such as Hilda Ellis Davidson and Britt-Mari Näsström [sv], have theorized that other goddesses in Norse mythology, such as Gefjon, Gerðr, and Skaði, may be forms of Freyja in different roles or ages. [30], In chapter 29, High recounts the names and features of various goddesses, including Freyja. Ernährung, Befristeter Artbeitsvertrag Schwangerschaft. [72], The 19th century German composer Richard Wagner's Der Ring des Nibelungen opera cycle features Freia, the goddess Freyja combined with the apple-bearing goddess Iðunn. Freyja ist auch übrigens die alte ursprüngliche Schreibweise. Terrified at the prospect of death and torture due to his involvement in the abduction of Iðunn, Loki asks if he may use Freyja's "falcon shape" to fly north to Jötunheimr and retrieve the missing goddess. Freyja was the daughter of Njörðr, and was Odin's concubine. The stanza recounts that Freyja was once promised to an unnamed builder, later revealed to be a jötunn and subsequently killed by Thor (recounted in detail in Gylfaginning chapter 42; see Prose Edda section below). Freyja is a main character in the poem Hyndluljóð, where she assists her faithful servant Óttar in finding information about his ancestry so that he may claim his inheritance. Loki turned into a flea and jumped onto Freyja's cheek and there bit her. Freyja assists other deities by allowing them to use her feathered cloak, is invoked in matters of fertility and love, and is frequently sought after by powerful jötnar who wish to make her their wife. Sie ähnelt der Venus des römischen Götterhimmels und der Aphrodite des griechischen Olymp [63] Regarding a Freyja-Frigg common origin hypothesis, scholar Stephan Grundy comments, "the problem of whether Frigg or Freyja may have been a single goddess originally is a difficult one, made more so by the scantiness of pre-Viking Age references to Germanic goddesses, and the diverse quality of the sources. Der weibliche Vorname Freja ist eine Variante von Freyja (dies ist die ursprüngliche isländische Schreibeweise) oder auch Freya (die modernere Schreibweise) und geht auf die gleichnamige altnordische Wanengöttin der Liebe und der Ehe zurück, deren Name „Herrin“, „Herrscherin“ oder „die Edelfrau“ bedeutet. Damit steht Freya auf Platz 479 der Vornamenhitliste für diesen Zeitraum. In chapter 42, High recounts that, soon after the gods built the hall Valhalla, a builder (unnamed) came to them and offered to build for them in three seasons a fortification so solid that no jötunn would be able to come in over from Midgard. In chapter 8, ways of referring to the god Heimdallr are provided, including "Loki's enemy, recoverer of Freyja's necklace", inferring a myth involving Heimdallr recovering Freyja's necklace from Loki. Herkunft von Freija. andere Anmerkungen?Wir freuen uns auf Deine Nachricht! [71] In addition, Oehlenschläger wrote a comedy entitled Freyjas alter (1818) and a poem Freais sal featuring the goddess. After her third rebirth, she is known as Heiðr. Geschwisternamen: Auf was sollte man achten? Die beliebtesten Mädchennamen in Österreich … Freyja is also etymologically close the name of the god Freyr, meaning 'lord' in Old Norse. Nicht einmal eines von 100.000 Mädchen wird Fjara genannt. [52] A section of the Swedish Torvisan, in which Freyja has been transformed into "the fair" (den väna) Frojenborg, reads as follows: In the province of Småland, Sweden, an account is recorded connecting Freyja with sheet lightning in this respect. Häufigkeitsstatistik des Vornamens Freya Herkunft und Bedeutung Freija ist eine Form von Freyja, der altnordischen Göttin der Schönheit, der Liebe, des Krieges und des Todes.. Bedeutung von Freija. She says that Loki is lying, that he is just looking to blather about misdeeds, and since the gods and goddesses are furious at him, he can expect to go home defeated. Alle anderen sind wirklich teilweise nur Abwandlungen oder falsch geschrieben! In doing so, Freyja turns Óttar into her boar, Hildisvíni, and, by means of flattery and threats of death by fire, Freyja successfully pries the information that Óttar needs from the jötunn Hyndla. Linden (Tilia) was a sacred tree to the ancient Norse and Germanic people, who associated it with Freyja, goddess of love and beauty. Freyja keeps up the sacrifices and becomes famous. In the poem, Thor wakes up to find that his powerful hammer, Mjöllnir, is missing. Icelandic magical staves, or 'Galdrastafir' are runic symbols shamanically designed to control the elements, increase energy, or influence developments. [73], In late 19th century and early 20th century Northern Europe, Freyja was the subject of numerous works of art, including Freyja by H. E. Freund (statue, 1821–1822), Freja sökande sin make (painting, 1852) by Nils Blommér, Freyjas Aufnahme uner den Göttern (charcoal drawing, 1881), and Frigg; Freyja (drawing, 1883) by Carl Ehrenberg (illustrator) [de], Freyja (1901) by Carl Emil Doepler d. J., and Freyja and the Brisingamen by J. Doyle Penrose (painting, 1862–1932). "[64], Like the name of the group of gods to which Freyja belongs, the Vanir, the name Freyja is not attested outside of Scandinavia, as opposed to the name of the goddess Frigg, who is attested as a goddess common among the Germanic peoples, and whose name is reconstructed as Proto-Germanic *Frijjō. [51], Odin said that, given how she obtained it, she would never get it back. The best that can be done is to survey the arguments for and against their identity, and to see how well each can be supported. Freyja becomes the priestess of sacrificial offerings and it was she who introduced the practice of seiðr to the Æsir, previously only practiced by the Vanir. [4] As a result, either the original name became entirely taboo or another process occurred in which the goddess is a duplicate or hypostasis of another known goddess. Freya was the goddess of love, sex, and romantic desire – but she was not just some northern version of Venus. The name Freyja transparently means 'lady, mistress' in Old Norse. [52] In the 19th century, Britt-Mari Näsström observes, Swedish Romanticism focused less on Freyja's erotic qualities and more on the image of "the pining goddess, weeping for her husband". Scholar Britt-Mari Näsström points out the description in Gylfaginning where it is said of Freyja that "whenever she rides into battle she takes half of the slain", and interprets Fólkvangr as "the field of the Warriors". Etymology. Along with her brother Freyr, her father Njörðr, and her mother (Njörðr's sister, unnamed in sources), she is a member of the Vanir. Freyja has numerous names, including Gefn, Hörn, Mardöll, Sýr, Valfreyja, and Vanadís. Gibt es typische Vornamen der Oberschicht? Du möchtest anderen deine persönliche Meinung mitteilen? While Óðr is absent, Freyja stays behind and in her sorrow she weeps tears of red gold. In Iceland, Freyja was called upon for assistance by way of Icelandic magical staves as late as the 18th century; and as late as the 19th century, Freyja is recorded as retaining elements of her role as a fertility goddess among rural Swedes.[53]. Þrymr reveals that he has hidden Thor's hammer deep within the earth and that no one will ever know where the hammer is unless Freyja is brought to him as his wife. [55] In the pre-Christian period, the Orion constellation was called either Frigg's distaff or Freyja's distaff (Swedish Frejerock). Loki said that since no one could enter Freyja's bower against her will, this wouldn't be an easy task, yet Odin told him not to come back until he had found a way to get the necklace. So Loki transformed himself into a fly, and after having trouble finding even the tiniest of entrances, he managed to find a tiny hole at the gable-top, yet even here he had to squeeze through to enter. [75], Starting in the early 1990s, derivatives of Freyja began to appear as a given name for girls. [56] In a survey of toponyms in Norway, M. Olsen tallies at least 20 to 30 location names compounded with Freyja. [30], High adds that Freyja has a large, beautiful hall called Sessrúmnir, and that when Freyja travels she sits in a chariot and drives two cats, and that Freyja is "the most approachable one for people to pray to, and from her name is derived the honorific title whereby noble ladies are called fruvor [noble ladies]". Beside her is similarly a cloaked yet otherwise nude woman riding a distaff. Namensbedeutung Der weibliche Vorname Freya oder auch Freyja (dies ist die ursprüngliche isländische Schreibeweise) geht auf die gleichnamige altnordische Wanengöttin der Liebe und der Ehe zurück, deren Name „Herrin“, „Herrscherin“ oder „die Edelfrau“ bedeutet. Thor immediately enters the hall, hammer raised. Three of these place names appear to derive from *Freyjuhof ('Freyja's hof'), whereas the goddess's name is frequently otherwise compounded with words for 'meadow' (such as -þveit, -land) and similar land formations. [48], Chapter 1 records that one day Freyja passed by an open stone where dwarfs lived. Freyr is "the most glorious" of the gods, and Freyja "the most glorious" of the goddesses. A kenning used in the poem refers to Freyja. freyja = die Frau, die Edelfrau (Altnordisch), Göttin der Liebe, Schönheit und Fruchtbarkeit. These observations became an extremely common observation in works regarding Old Norse religion until at least the early 1990s. Meine Eltern fanden beide, dass diese Schreibweise am besten ist. [38] In chapter 20, poetic ways to refer to Freyja are provided; "daughter of Njörðr", "sister of Freyr", "wife of Óðr", "mother of Hnoss", "possessor of the fallen slain and of Sessrumnir and tom-cats", possessor of Brísingamen, "Van-deity", Vanadís, and "fair-tear deity". Im Jahr 2016 wurde der Name Freyja nur ein einziges Mal vergeben. Freyja wurde ungefähr 610 Mal vergeben (Platz 1.402) und Freja 370 Mal (Platz 1.877). Hrungnir says that he will drink all of their ale. By her husband Óðr, she is the mother of two daughters, Hnoss and Gersemi. Freya, auch Freia oder Freyja (altnordisch „Herrin“), ist der Name der nordischen Wanengöttin der Liebe und der Ehe. The introduction to the poem notes that among other gods and goddesses, Freyja attends a celebration held by Ægir. [47], In Sörla þáttr, a short, late 14th century narrative from a later and extended version of the Óláfs saga Tryggvasonar found in the Flateyjarbók manuscript, a euhemerized account of the gods is provided. Freyja allows it, and using her "falcon shape" and a furious chase by eagle-Þjazi, Loki successfully returns her. She was also known as the former wife of Odin, and Queen of Asgard, but is now currently known as the Witch of the Woods. Thor objects but is hushed by Loki, reminding him that the new owners of the hammer will soon be settling in the land of the gods if the hammer isn't returned. Und wenn man sich auch mal genau informiert weiß man auch dass das die richtigste und originale Schreibweise ist. The chapter features additional quotes from poetry by Einarr Skúlason that references the goddess and her child Hnoss. [37], In chapter 18, verses from the 10th century skald's composition Þórsdrápa are quoted. [74] Vanadís, one of Freyja's names, is the source of the name of the chemical element vanadium, so named because of its many colored compounds. Similar proof for the existence of a common Germanic goddess from which Freyja descends does not exist, but scholars have commented that this may simply be due to lack of evidence. Namensbedeutung. In den letzten 30 Jahren (genau genommen seit 1984) wurde der Name Freyja in Österreich genau 24-mal vergeben, es handelt sich hier also um einen sehr seltenen Namen. Four dwarfs were smithying a golden necklace, and it was nearly done. Schreibe jetzt einen Kommentar zum Vornamen Freyja! She cries tears of red gold for him, and searches for him under assumed names. The Old Norse word galdr is derived from a word for singing incantations, gala (Old High German and Old English: galan) with an Indo-European-tro suffix. Heißt Du selber Freyja oder kennst jemanden, der diesen Namen trägt? Due to iconographic similarities to the literary record, these figures have been theorized as depictions of Freyja and Frigg respectively. Freya is also referenced in God of War as a Vanir Goddess, the mother of the antagonist Norse god, Baldur. 3, Prognose: Das werden die beliebtesten Vornamen 2020, Keine Lust auf kurz und knapp: Vornamen mit 8 Buchstaben, Vielseitig und modern: Vornamen mit altgriechischer Herkunft. Freyja is the owner of the necklace Brísingamen, rides a chariot pulled by two cats, is accompanied by the boar Hildisvíni, and possesses a cloak of falcon feathers. in der germanischen/nordischen Mythologie ist Freyja die Göttin der Liebe und der Schönheit der Name des Tages 'Freitag' ist von ihrem Namen abgeleitet. Freija bedeutet “die Herrin”, “die Herrscherin”. In Iceland, the poem became known as Þrylur, whereas in Denmark the poem became Thor af Havsgaard and in Sweden it became Torvisan or Hammarhämtningen. In the account, Freyja is described as having been a concubine of Odin, who bartered sex to four dwarfs for a golden necklace. Tatsächlich finden sich in den deutschen Standesämtern pro Jahr höchstens eine Handvoll Einträge mit diesem Namen. Stemming from Old Norse Freyja, modern forms of the name include Freya, Freyia, and Freja. In chapter 4, Freyja is introduced as a member of the Vanir, the sister of Freyr, and the daughter of Njörðr and his sister (whose name is not provided). [59], A priestess was buried c. 1000 with considerable splendour in Hagebyhöga in Östergötland. In the end, the disguises successfully fool the jötnar and, upon sight of it, Thor regains his hammer by force. After the Æsir–Vanir War ends in a stalemate, Odin appoints Freyr and Njörðr as priests over sacrifices. Sehr stolz so heißen zu dürfen! This kind of necklace was only worn by the most prominent women during the Iron Age and some have interpreted it as Freyja's necklace Brísingamen. [42] Freyja receives a final mention in the Prose Edda in chapter 75, where a list of goddesses is provided that includes Freyja. This page was last edited on 25 November 2020, at 23:33. [40] In chapter 49, a quote from a work by the skald Einarr Skúlason employs the kenning "Óðr's bedfellow's eye-rain", which refers to Freyja and means "gold". She told Odin of the malice he had allowed against her and of the theft of her necklace, and that he should give her back her jewelry. [58], The Freyja name Hörn appears in the Swedish place names Härnevi and Järnevi, stemming from the reconstructed Old Norse place name *Hörnar-vé (meaning "Hörn's vé"). High adds that Freyja has a particular fondness for love songs, and that "it is good to pray to her concerning love affairs". [43], The Heimskringla book Ynglinga saga provides a euhemerized account of the origin of the gods, including Freyja. In Scandinavia, Freyja's name frequently appears in the names of plants, especially in southern Sweden. [33], At the beginning of the book Skáldskaparmál, Freyja is mentioned among eight goddesses attending a banquet held for Ægir. The Old English forms were gealdor, galdor, ȝaldre "spell, enchantment, witchcraft", and the verb galan meant "sing, chant". [45], The chapter adds that not only was Freyja very clever, but that she and her husband Óðr had two immensely beautiful daughters, Gersemi and Hnoss, "who gave their names to our most precious possessions".[45]. Freyja offered to buy the collar from them with silver and gold and other items of value. In addition to being buried with her wand, she had received great riches which included horses, a wagon and an Arabian bronze pitcher.

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